Military establishments

The risk map shows barracks, ammunition storage sites, shooting and exercise sites and military airfields (see also luchtvaartongeval [aviation accident]. The risk map shows only establishments where there are limits outside the site on the use of space. These limits apply within certain safety zones, no houses may, for instance, be built or roads constructed within these zones. There are three zones (A, B and C) around each site; the closer the military site the stricter the rules.

What is the risk?

As a result of the nature of the materials at a barracks or ammunition storage site, there is a risk of fire and an explosion. An explosion results in a pressure wave, enormous heat and fire and flying debris that poses a danger.

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What can you do yourself?

An explosion starts with a fire. If you see a fire:

  • do not go and look;
  • call 1-1-2 if this has not yet been done;
  • follow the instructions of the emergency services (police, fire brigade, ambulance);
  • leave the scene of the fire and smoke with a damp cloth placed in front of your nose and mouth;
  • ensure that children and people who need help to flee are helped to leave as soon as possible;
  • never enter a burning building.

Following an explosion:

  • you will hear the siren or sound trucks in the street;
  • listen to the rampenzender;
  • follow the instruction of the authorities and the emergency services.

What safety measures are there?

The government imposes requirements on all military bases and airfields for the storage of hazardous substances: they must be stored, for instance, in special containers, effective protective equipment is obligatory and hazardous substances may be transported only by specialised companies. Every base must have an emergency plan and a disaster response plan and these plans must be used as the basis for regular exercises.
The commanding officers of military sites are responsible for safety on site. The government checks whether they comply with the rules.

More information

General information about what to do in the case of a disaster can be found at