What do we see on the risk map?
The risk map shows areas in which a large natural fire could occur. A natural fire is a fire in a forest, moorland or dune area. In the Netherlands forest and moorland fires occur more frequently than dune fires.
What is the risk?
The risk is that walkers, cyclists and those on camping sites are surprised and trapped by the fire. A natural fire may develop quickly and unpredictably during a drought. Such fires are difficult to contain because water has to be brought from elsewhere and wind may fan the flames.
Most natural fires are caused by human carelessness (cigarette ends, braziers, barbecues, etc.) or malice (arson). Natural influences may sometimes be involved, such as lightning strikes. Factors such as the type of growth (moors, coniferous forests), the number and types of users (walkers, those on campsites) and weather conditions (drought, wind) may influence the risk.
What can you do yourself?
If you discover a fire, you must:
- call 1-1-2 and report the location of the fire as accurately as possible
- stand away from the smoke and wait for the fire brigade
- or opt for an escape route that allows you to leave the burning area quickly.
What safety measures are there?
Local authorities coordinate fire prevention and fire fighting with the emergency services (fire brigade, police). There are a number of measuring stations on the Veluwe that measure humidity, temperature, wind speed and wind direction. This data is passed on to the emergency services in the region, who warn the relevant bodies and persons. If the drought exceeds a certain level, air patrols are carried out.
Buildings in or close to forest, moorland and dune areas must have a fire permit containing the conditions for escape possibilities, evacuation plans, accessibility and extinguishing facilities.