Explosive substances

What do we see on the risk map?

The risk map shows establishments where there are limits outside the site on the use of space. These establishments with explosive substances often belong to the defensie [Ministry of Defence].

What is the risk?

The nature of these substances means that there is a risk of fire and an explosion. An explosion results in a pressure wave, enormous heat and fire and flying debris that poses a danger.

What can you do yourself?

A fireworks explosion starts with a fire. If you see a fire:

  • do not go and look;
  • call 1-1-2 if this has not yet been done;
  • follow the instructions of the emergency services (police, fire brigade, ambulance);
  • leave the scene of the fire and smoke with a damp cloth placed in front of your nose and mouth;
  • ensure that children and people who need help to flee are helped to leave as soon as possible;
  • never enter a burning building.

Following an explosion:

  • you will hear the siren or sound trucks in the street;
  • listen to the rampenzender;
  • follow the instruction of the authorities and the emergency services.

Discover the risks in your area

What safety measures are there?

The government imposes requirements on the storage of hazardous substances: they must be stored, for instance, in special containers, protective equipment is obligatory and hazardous substances may be removed only by specialised companies. An emergency plan and a disaster response plan must be in place and these plans must be used as the basis for regular exercises.
The managers of these establishments are responsible for safety on site. The government checks whether they comply with the rules.

    More information

    General information about what to do in the case of a disaster can be found at www.nederlandveilig.nl.